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Decision Making Using Fuzzy Cognitive Maps in Post-Triage of Non-Critical Elderly PatientsOpen Access
Abstract: For patients arriving in the Emergency Departments (EDs) of hospitals a key aspect is to classify patients and identify high-risk patients since they have the potential for rapid deterioration during the waiting time. Triage is a widely applied and well-known process of evaluating and categorizing patients’ condition, in EDs. On the other hand, EDs are frequently overcrowded, which makes triage an extremely challenging and demanding process in order to ensure that patients stepping into the ED are given the appropriate medical attention in time. This paper discusses the introduction of a general decision making procedure based on Fuzzy Cognitive Maps so that to create a Medical Decision Support System for Post-Triage decisions. The case of non-emergent and non-urgent elderly patients is examined and the corresponding model is developed.
Keywords: Soft Computing; Medical Decision Support; Triage Assessment; Fuzzy Cognitive Maps
Comparing Two Feature Selection Methods for Influenza-A Antivral Resistance Determination.Open Access
Abstract: The paper thoroughly analyzes the use of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) in comparison to Information Gain (IG) as a feature selection method for improving the classification of Influenza-A antiviral resistance. Neural networks were used as the classification method of choice with PCA, while decision trees were the classification of choice with IG. The experiment was conducted on cDNA viral segments of Influenza-A belonging to the H1N1 strain. The 7 Infleunza-A segments generating the best results were used for comparison. Sequences from each segment were further divided into Adamantane-resistant, & non-Adamantane-resistant. Accuracy, sensitivity, specificity precision & time were used as performance measures. Using PCA for feature selection increased preprocessing speeds from an average processing time of 1.5 hours to 5 minutes, as opposed to IG. IG had higher accuracy. The best accuracy generated by PCA & NNs on the M1/M2 was 96.5%, while that of IG & DTs was 98.2% Using PCA features & DTs also generated a comparable accuracy to that of IG features & DT at 97.6% on the M1/M2 segment. There was a 88% increase in feature selection processing speed when using PCA compared to IG on the M1/M2 segment alone
Keywords: Influenza-A, Principle component analysis (PCA), Machine learning, Information gain, DNA classification, decision trees, neural networks.