Non-Predefined Life Signs Detection for Disaster Survivors Rescue

Open Access

Abstract:  No one can tell or predict when and where a natural disaster such as an earthquake or tornado will occur and the damages they may cause. Or an overflow of a large amount of water beyond its normal limit (water flood) shallowing city as we used to watch on news TV after the passage of a strong typhoon causing heavy rain. These natural disasters occur every day and anywhere around the globe are not new. And we cannot not prevent them from occurring in spite of the best technology we have in our possession now. But saving lives after their occurring is still possible and the best technology for this is the combination of AUV and the image processing. Image processing is one of the best ever invented technology by human since the course on technology development between scientists for sustainable development of our society. In order word “image processing is the technology that meets the needs of the 21st society we live in without compromising the ability of future generation to meet what they need to make the use of this technology efficiency. This paper proposes non-predefined life signs detection for disaster survivors rescue when a disaster occur and especially during a floodwater. In this research we use the matrix-based pairs of opposing pixels positioned directly around the observed point that belongs to the edge of the life signs target.  At first one-dimension matrix for bitmap memorization values of the RGB components of pixel is used. Next these values of the RGB components of pixel color are copied from bitmap to matrix. The number of bytes in a row is rounded up to the nearest number divisible by four. As a result, the method clearly detects all life signs edge made by human using any type of item around them with 95%.

Keywords: Life signs; Image processing; Disaster; Edge detection; Rescue