Evaluation of Markerless Gait Analysis Method Including Out of Camera Plane Rotate Motion During Gait
Abstract: A RGB camera gait analysis system that does not require markers, large space, and
preparation can provide valuable information for effective treatment decisions in clinical settings. In this paper, we propose a simple markerless gait analysis method that can measure even if the rotation angle of the foot changes. The proposed method combines OpenPose (OP) and IMU measurement data using a complementary filter as a sensor fusion method to improve the measurement accuracy of the ankle joint angle, which is predicted to be less accurate for gait with a large foot rotation angle. Nine healthy adult males walked at a self-selected comfortable speed in two different foot-progression angle gait conditions. Spatio-temporal parameters and lower limb joint angles in the two gait conditions were measured. The mean absolute error (MAE) and the coefficient of cross-correlation (CCC) were calculated to evaluate the accuracy. The spatio-temporal parameters measured by the proposed method had low MAE compared with a conventional markerless method. The similarity between the changes in the angles of the hip and knee joints and the changes in the angles measured by a three-dimensional motion capture system was found to be very strongly correlated (CCC > 0.7). The MAE of the hip and
knee joint angles measured by the proposed method was small compared with a conventional markerless method. In particular, the proposed method was able to improve the measurement accuracy of the ankle angle by using two IMUs. The experimental results suggest that the proposed method can be used for simple and accurate measurement even when the rotation angle of the foot changes. Although the proposed method has some limitations, it has great potential as a simple and reliable gait analysis system in the clinical field.